Effectiveness of Sleep Hygiene Intervention on the Sleep Quality of the Elderly in Nursing Homes in Salatiga City

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Rosiana Eva Rayanti Fiane de Fretes Natalia Kristianti

Abstract

The aging process, physiologically, brings about changes and increases the risk of disease. Twenty-eight older adults in three different nursing homes in Salatiga City had difficulty sleeping at night. Poor sleep quality can cause disorders, such as being at higher risk of diseases, forgetfulness, confusion, disorientation, and decreased concentration ability. This research contributed to identifying the effectiveness of sleep hygiene on elderly sleep disorders in Salatiga City nursing homes. The research method is a quasi-experiment with a one-group pretest-posttest design research design among 28 older people who lived in the nursing home from April to July 2023. Sleep hygiene intervention in the form of aerobic exercise and education was carried out five times in five weeks. Sleep quality was measured through the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Questionnaire (PSQI), and data was analyzed using descriptive statistics (percentage and mean). The results of the pre-experiment study revealed a 33.21% prevalence of sleep disturbances among older individuals, with the majority falling into the category of moderate sleep quality (64%). After receiving a sleep hygiene intervention, there was a reduction of 2.89 in the number of elderly individuals experiencing sleep disturbances. Additionally, 36% of the elderly were found to be sleeping without any disorders, while 64% experienced only mild sleep disturbances. This means that there will be a significant change after the intervention. Conclusion Sleep hygiene effectively improves sleep quality in older people in nursing homes. Future research is expected to conduct physical and laboratory examinations to support the respondent's sleep quality results.

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RAYANTI, Rosiana Eva; DE FRETES, Fiane; KRISTIANTI, Natalia. Effectiveness of Sleep Hygiene Intervention on the Sleep Quality of the Elderly in Nursing Homes in Salatiga City. Jurnal Keperawatan Respati Yogyakarta, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 25-28, apr. 2024. ISSN 2541-2728. Available at: <https://nursingjurnal.respati.ac.id/index.php/JKRY/article/view/757>. Date accessed: 17 apr. 2024. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.35842/jkry.v11i1.757.
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