Main Article Content
Currently, postoperative pain management in children has not been adequate. There are about 40% of children get postoperative pain of moderate to severe scale. Ineffective pain management will cause chronic persistent postsurgical pain (CPSP) with an incidence of 50% in children. The fact is that postoperative pain management in children is due to the difficulty of assessing children's pain. The method used to assess pain in children is to use a multidimensional self-report to assess the scale of postoperative pain in children. The Multidimensional Assessment of Pain Scale instrument is an instrument that assesses postoperative pain in children multidimensionally but has not been translated into Indonesian validly and reliably. The purpose of this study was to determine the development of the Multidimensional Assessment of Pain Scale to measure postoperative pain in children. The Indonesian version of the Multidimensional Assessment of Pain Scale (MAPS-I) instrument consists of 5 categories with 3 scoring scores from 0-2. This research is quantitative research with a cross sectional design. The validity test that was measured was content validity and construct validity. The reliability test was measured using Cronbach Alpha. The MAPS-I instruments with postoperative child respondents showed good validity with Aiken's value range of 0.83-1. The results of the construct validity of the MAPS-I instrument are all valid items. The results of the factor analysis stated that there were 2 valid items (factor loading>0.5) with 2 factors formed (Eigenvalue>1). Internal consistency reliability shows the results of Cronbach Alpha of 0.804 (> 0.482) for postoperative child respondents. The MAPS-I instrument can be used as an instrument to measure the level of pain in postoperative children that is valid and reliable.
Keywords: Children; Postoperative Pain; Multidimensional Assessment of Pain Scale
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