GLASSGOW COMA SCALE AND OUTCOME ON HEAD INJURY PATIENTS IN EMERGENCY ROOM AT GENERAL HOSPITAL OF PEMERINTAH ACEH
Level of conciousness on head injury patients is one of the initial assessment. Glassgow Coma Scale (GCS) is one of the methods to assess it through assessment of eyes responses, verbal responses, and motoric responses. Generally, Score of GCS related to outcome of the patients. The objective of this study was to identify score of GCS and outcome on head injury patients in emergency room at general hospital of Pemerintah Aceh. This study was quantitative and retrospective study using secondary data, medical documentation. Population are head injury patients during January to December in 2019. Sample consisted of 333 patients that identified by systematic random sampling. Tool for collecting data using observation checklist. Data analysis was using univariate analysis. Patients with GCS score 13-15 are 239 (71.8%), score 9-12 are 53 (15.9%), and score < 8 are 41 (12.3%). The mean of GCS score is 12.89 (3.19), at confidence interval 95% = 12.55-13.24. Majority outcome is inpatient about 256 (76.9%) and fewest outcome is patient back to home about 12 (3.6%). Majority of patients with the worst outcome are in GCS score <8 (82,4%). Majority score of GCS is 13-15 and inpatient outcome. Recommendation, always to conduct assessment of GCS to prevent worst outcome on patients.
Keywords: Glassgow coma scale, head injury, outcome
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with Jurnal Keperawatan Respati Yogyakarta agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant Jurnal Keperawatan Respati Yogyakarta right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License CC-BY that allows others to remix, adapt, build upon the work with an acknowledgment of the work's authorship and initial publication and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).