RELAXATION THERAPY ON THE LEVEL OF ANXIETY OF POST SECTIO CAESAREA : A LITERATURE REVIEW
Childbirth with the sectio caesarean method will have an impact that tends to be more complex than normal delivery, both psychologically and physiologically. Physical impacts such as pain, risk of bleeding and infection can cause psychological impact on post-sectio caesarean mothers. Psychologically, sectio caesarea can cause anxiety phenomena which, if left untreated, can cause stress, post partum blues, post traumatic syndrome disorder. Anxiety can be overcome non pharmacologically, for example, by using relaxation therapy. Relaxation therapy has a variety of techniques in its application, such as autogenic relaxation techniques, deep breath relaxation techniques, and progressive muscle relaxation techniques. The purpose of this literature review is to examine the results of the past 10 years of research related to the effect of relaxation therapy on reducing anxiety in post-sectio caesarean mothers. The method used in the preparation of a literature review is to search for several articles by searching through nursing journals, science direct, google scholar, Pubmed, and EBSCO. The results of 8 previous research articles showed that relaxation therapy was effective in reducing maternal anxiety levels. Although there are various types of relaxation techniques, autogenic relaxation has a medium-high effect size and is recommended in dealing with anxiety compared to other relaxation techniques.
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