Improvement Frequency of Information Access and Anxious, Impact on The High Level of Compliance Protocol Prevention COVID-19 in Nurse Candidates

Muflih Muflih, Endang Nurul Syafitri, Sang Ayu Made Adyani


The spread of the COVID-19 virus which has become a pandemic is thought to cause changes in health behavior in nurse candidates. The purpose of this study is to identify changes in health behavior of nursing students in the form of seeking health information and increasing anxious about the possibility of contracting the virus, which is thought to have an impact on increasing compliance with health behavior. This type of research is an online survey with cross-sectional design. Data collected from nursing students in their late teens were statistically analyzed by the correlation test. The results showed that increasing literacy in seeking information about COVID-19 cases from social media and a fairly high increase in anxious had an impact on increasing compliance with preventing the spread of the virus. However, it was found that exposure to case information did not increase anxious in respondents. The conclusion of this study is the need for increased health literacy to create compliance with the COVID-19 virus prevention protocol at the same time as an increase in anxious.



Anxiety; Coronavirus; Obedience; Literasi

Full Text:



Balkhy, H. H., Abolfotouh, M. A., Al-Hathlool, R. H., & Al-Jumah, M. A. (2010). Awareness, attitudes, and practices related to the swine influenza pandemic among the Saudi public. BMC infectious diseases, 10(1), 42.

Bults, M., Beaujean, D. J., de Zwart, O., Kok, G., van Empelen, P., van Steenbergen, J. E., ... & Voeten, H. A. (2011). Perceived risk, anxiety, and behavioural responses of the general public during the early phase of the Influenza A (H1N1) pandemic in the Netherlands: results of three consecutive online surveys. BMC public health, 11(1), 2.

Ekberg, J., Eriksson, H., Morin, M., Holm, E., Strömgren, M., & Timpka, T. (2009). Impact of precautionary behaviors during outbreaks of pandemic influenza: modeling of regional differences. In AMIA Annual Symposium Proceedings (Vol. 2009, p. 163). American Medical Informatics Association.

Heo, J. Y., Chang, S. H., Go, M. J., Kim, Y. M., Gu, S. H., & Chun, B. C. (2013). Risk perception, preventive behaviors, and vaccination coverage in the Korean Population during the 2009–2010 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1): comparison between high-risk group and non–high-risk group. PLoS One, 8(5).

Hernández-García, I., & Giménez-Júlvez, T. (2020). Assessment of health information about COVID-19 prevention on the internet: infodemiological study. JMIR Public Health and Surveillance, 6(2), e18717.

Ibuka, Y., Chapman, G. B., Meyers, L. A., Li, M., & Galvani, A. P. (2010). The dynamics of risk perceptions and precautionary behavior in response to 2009 (H1N1) pandemic influenza. BMC infectious diseases, 10(1), 296.

Gilles, I., Bangerter, A., Clémence, A., Green, E. G., Krings, F., Staerklé, C., & Wagner-Egger, P. (2011). Trust in medical organizations predicts pandemic (H1N1) 2009 vaccination behavior and perceived efficacy of protection measures in the Swiss public. European journal of epidemiology, 26(3), 203-210.

Kushner Gadarian, S., Goodman, S. W., & Pepinsky, T. B. (2020). Partisanship, health behavior, and policy attitudes in the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic. Health Behavior, and Policy Attitudes in the Early Stages of the COVID-19 Pandemic (March 27, 2020). Available at SSRN:

Masuri, M. G., Isa, K. A. M., Tahir, M. P. M., Hassan, H. F., Hassan, Z., Jamhuri, F. Z., ... & Noor, S. H. (2012). Behaviour response among health sciences students towards H1N1 pandemic. Procedia-social and behavioral sciences, 36, 77-86.

Park, S. M., Lee, J. Y., & Choi, J. S. (2010). Affecting factors on health behavior of university students during pandemic influenza A (H1N1). The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education, 16(2), 249-256.

Prati, G., Pietrantoni, L., & Zani, B. (2011). A social‐cognitive model of pandemic influenza H1N1 risk perception and recommended behaviors in Italy. Risk Analysis: An International Journal, 31(4), 645-656.

Sadique, M. Z., Edmunds, W. J., Smith, R. D., Meerding, W. J., De Zwart, O., Brug, J., & Beutels, P. (2007). Precautionary behavior in response to perceived threat of pandemic influenza. Emerging infectious diseases, 13(9), 1307.

Setbon, M., Le Pape, M. C., Létroublon, C., Caille-Brillet, A. L., & Raude, J. (2011). The public's preventive strategies in response to the pandemic influenza A/H1N1 in France: distribution and determinants. Preventive medicine, 52(2), 178-181.

Sharifirad, G., Yarmohammadi, P., Sharifabad, M. A. M., & Rahaei, Z. (2014). Determination of preventive behaviors for pandemic influenza A/H1N1 based on protection motivation theory among female high school students in Isfahan, Iran. Journal of education and health promotion, 3.

Smith, K. C., Rimal, R. N., Sandberg, H., Storey, J. D., Lagasse, L., Maulsby, C., ... & Links, J. M. (2013). Understanding newsworthiness of an emerging pandemic: International newspaper coverage of the H1N 1 outbreak. Influenza and other respiratory viruses, 7(5), 847-853.

Updegraff, J. A., Emanuel, A. S., Gallagher, K. M., & Steinman, C. T. (2011). Framing flu prevention—An experimental field test of signs promoting hand hygiene during the 2009–2010 H1N1 pandemic. Health Psychology, 30(3), 295-299.

Van Bavel, J. J., Baicker, K., Boggio, P. S., Capraro, V., Cichocka, A., Cikara, M., ... & Drury, J. (2020). Using social and behavioural science to support COVID-19 pandemic response. Nature Human Behaviour, 1-12.

Wise, T., Zbozinek, T. D., Michelini, G., Hagan, C. C., & mobbs, d. (2020). Changes in risk perception and protective behavior during the first week of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States.

Vaughan, E., & Tinker, T. (2009). Effective health risk communication about pandemic influenza for vulnerable populations. American Journal of Public Health, 99(S2), S324-S332.


Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 View
PDF - 0 View


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.