Intervention in The Elderly Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus With Diabetic Foot Ulcer: A Systematic Review
AbstractThe prevalence of people with diabetes mellitus (DM) has increased by 6.9% to 8.5% in 2018. DM type 2 is increasing for the elderly, such as peripheral neuropathy, nephropathy and diabetic neuropathy. Peripheral neuropathy increases the risk of increased diabetic foot ulcer (DFU). Intervention of appropriate diabetic foot ulcer intervention is needed to improve quality of life and reduce the incidence of amputations. The purpose of this study is to review the effective interventions to prevent and reduce the rate of DFU. This study was carried out by following the standard guidelines in making a systematic review of the "4th Center for Dissemination and Report Review and the Cochrane Collaboration Handbook". Obtained three databases used in searching for systematic review sources namely ScienceDirect, PubMed and Google Scholar, using the keywords Intervention for DFU. Four interventions used to reduce the rate of DFU and prevent DFU namely foot gymnastics, aerobics, ankle exercises that don't hold weights and foot care. The intervention is used in patients with diabetes, 40-80 years without mental illness, dementia, musculoskeletal, heart and kidney failure. Foot gymnastics, aerobics, non-cushioning ankle exercises and foot care can be implemented to reduce DFU.
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