Characteristic of Reproductive Age Women Living With HIV/AIDS (WLWHA) in Victory Plus Foundation, Yogyakarta, Indonesia

Dwi Kartika Rukmi, Ike Wuri Winahyu Sari, Afi Lutfiyati

Abstract


Around 50% of people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide are women, and women of reproductive age are the group of women who are most infected by HIV/AIDS. Indonesia is a country that has increased the number of people with HIV/AIDS up to three folded since 2009-2014 and the number of women infected with HIV/AIDS also continues to increase. This study aims to look at the characteristics of women living with HIV / AIDS (WLWHA) in Victory Plus who are of reproductive age. This study is descriptive research with a cross-sectional approach that was conducted on 288 women with HIV / AIDS taken by purposive sampling who met the inclusion criteria in Victory Plus Foundation, Yogyakarta. Data were taken by questionnaire in March – June 2019 and processed by univariate analysis according to the data. The results showed that respondents 100% underwent ART, they are 35.42 ± 6.91 years old, suffered HIV for 4.06± 3.21 years, and have a length of ART duration for 3.74±3.11 years. Most of WLWHA are Muslims (89,9%), Javanese (94,4%), married women (52,8%), senior high school educated (46,5%), housewives (68,8%), have living children (80,6%), have no child with HIV(87,5%), adherence on ART(85,4%), have steady sex partner (75,3%), disclosed their HIV status to their sexual partner (50,7%), disclosed their HIV status to others (50,7%), and having better health perception (73,3%). The conclusion that the characteristics of respondents are mostly Muslim, have a high school education background, work as a housewife, are married, have live children, have no children with HIV, are on ART, open to sexual partners, open to other than sexual partners and have improved health perception.

Keywords


HIV/AIDS; Women; Reproductive; Age

References


Around 50% of people living with HIV/AIDS worldwide are women, and women of reproductive age are the group of women who are most infected by HIV/AIDS. Indonesia is a country that has increased the number of people with HIV/AIDS up to three folded since 2009-2014 and the number of women infected with HIV/AIDS also continues to increase. This study aims to look at the characteristics of women living with HIV / AIDS (WLWHA) in Victory Plus who are of reproductive age. This study is descriptive research with a cross-sectional approach that was conducted on 288 women with HIV / AIDS taken by purposive sampling who met the inclusion criteria in Victory Plus Foundation, Yogyakarta. Data were taken by questionnaire in March – June 2019 and processed by univariate analysis according to the data. The results showed that respondents 100% underwent ART, they are 35.42 ± 6.91 years old, suffered HIV for 4.06± 3.21 years, and have a length of ART duration for 3.74±3.11 years. Most of WLWHA are Muslims (89,9%), Javanese (94,4%), married women (52,8%), senior high school educated (46,5%), housewives (68,8%), have living children (80,6%), have no child with HIV(87,5%), adherence on ART(85,4%), have steady sex partner (75,3%), disclosed their HIV status to their sexual partner (50,7%),disclosed their HIV status to others (50,7%), and having better health perception (73,3%). The conclusion that the characteristics of respondents are mostly Muslim, have a high school education background, work as a housewife, are married, have live children, have no children with HIV, are on ART, open to sexual partners, not open to other than sexual partners and have improved health perception.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35842/jkry.v7i2.467

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