The Effect Of Health Education On Prevention Of Tuberculosition Medicine Resistance In Lung TB Patients

Eli Indawati, Nurma Dewi

Abstract


Tuberculosis is a direct infectious disease caused by an acid-resistant aerobic bacterium. Indonesia is now ranked fifth in the world with the highest burden of pulmonary TB in the world. The estimated TB prevalence for all cases is 660,000 (WHO, 2010) and the estimated incidence is 430,000 new cases each  year. While the MDR-TB rate is estimated at 2% of all TB cases, TB cases with re-treatment are estimated to be around 6,300 MDR-TB cases each year. One of promoting healthy behavior, the role of nurses through nursing interventions provides health education towards MDR-TB prevention behavior for the success of treatment in TB patients. The researcher formulated the research problem "is there an effect of health education on tuberculosis drug resistance prevention (MDR-TB) behavior with the DOTS strategy in pulmonary TB patients? The design of this study used Quasi-Experimental Design with the Pretest-Posttest Control Group Design approach. The sampling technique was by consecutive sampling. Bivariate statistical test uses independent t-test and dependent t-test. The number of samples of 63 respondents who will be divided into 3 intervention groups, namely groups with 1 intervention, groups with 2 interventions and groups with 3 interventions. The study was conducted at the Kramatjati Health Center in East Jakarta. The results of the study showed that the provision of health pen 3 times gave an increase in the value of knowledge and prevention with  p- value of 0.005.


Keywords


Tuberculosis; MDR-TB; Health education

Full Text:

PDF

References


Burhan Erlina. (2010). Peran ISTC dalam Pencegahan MDR. Departemen Pulmonologi dan Ilmu Kedokteran Respirasi. FKUI-RS Persahabatan.

Black, M. Joyce., Hawks, Jane Hokanson. (2014). Keperawatan Medikal Bedah : Manajemen Klinis untuk Hasil yang Diharapkan. Edisi Bahasa Indonesia.Edisi 8. Buku 2. Elsevier. Jakarta

Depkes RI. (2011). Rencana Aksi Nasional Programatic Management of Drug Resistance Tuberkulosis Indonesia 2011-2014.

Dahlan Sopiyudin. (2010). Besar Sampel Dan Cara Pengambilan Sampel : Dalam

Penelitian Kedokteran dan Kesehatan.Edisi 3 : Seri Evidence Based Medicine Salemba Medika. Jakarta.

Darma, Kelana Kusuma. (2011). Metodologi Penelitian Keperawatan : Panduan Melaksanakan dan Menerapkan Hasil Penelitian. Tim. Depok.

Eni Hidayat. (2014). Pengaruh Pendidikan Kesehatan Tentang Pencegahan Penularan TBC Terhadap Stigma Masyarakat pada Klien TBC diwilayah Kota Semarang. Program Keperawatan dan kesehatan. Universitas Muhammadiyah Semarang.

Linda, Oje Dorothea. (2012). Hubungan Karakteristik Klien Tuberkulosis dengan Pengetahuan tentang Multi Drugs Resistensi Tuberkulosis (MDR-TB)di Poli Paru Puskesmas Kecamatan Jagakarsa. Fakultas Ilmu Keperawatan. Program Strata Reguler Ilmu Keperawatan. Universitas Indonesia Depok.

Milawati Rina. (2014). Pengaruh Edukasi Terhadap Pencegahan Penularan Penyakit TB di Puskesmas Kecamatan Cengkareng Jakarta Barat. Universitas Muhammadyah Jakarta. Program Magister Keperawatan. Jakarta.

Munir, Sri Melati., Nawas Arifin., Soetoyo, K Dianiati. (2010). Pengalaman Pasien Tuberkulosis Paru dengan Multi Drug Resistant (TB-MDR) di Poliklinik Paru RSUP Persahabatan. Jurnal Respirologi Indonesia. PDPI. Vol.30, No. 2, April 2010. ISSN 0853- 7704.

Made Suadnyayi Pasek., I Made Setyawan. (2013). Hubungan Persepsi dengan Tingkat Pengetahuan Penderita TB dengan Kepatuhan Pengobatan di Kecamatan Buleleng. Jurusan Pendidikan Jasmani dan Kesehatan. Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha Singaraja Indonesia. Jurnal Pendidikan Kesehatan. Vol. 2, No. 1, April 2013. ISSN : 2303-2889.

Muhtar. (2013). Pemberdayaan Keluarga dalam Peningkatan Self Efficacy dan Self Care Activity Keluarga dan Penderita TB. Jurnal Ners. Vol. 8, No. 2, Surabaya, Oktober 2013.ISSN 1858-3598.

Notoatmodjo Soekidjo. (2010). Ilmu Perilaku dan Kesehatan : Teori dan Aplikasi. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

Notoatmodjo Soekidjo. (2010). Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Rineka Cipta. Jakarta.

Perry., Potter. (2010). Pundamental Keperawatan : Fundamental of Nursing. Buku 1. Edisi 7. Salemba Medika Jakarta.

Persatuan Perawat Nasional Indonesia. (2014). Panduan Nasional Pelayanan Keperawatan Tuberkulosis. Jakarta.

P Andika Kesumo. (2010). Pengaruh Pendidikan Terhadap Pengetahuan Pasien TBC Paru dalam Menjalani Pengobatan Strategi DOTS di Puskesmas Tiga Dolok. Universitas Hasanudin Makassar. Program Magister Keperawatan. Makassar.

Sastroasmoro, S., Ismail, S. (2012). Dasar-Dasar Metodologi Penelitian Klinis. Edisi ke-4. Jakarta. Sagung Seto.

Siburiah Prima dr. (2011). Penyakit Yang Sering di Derita Lansia. http://belajatpsikologi.com/penyakit-yang-sering-diderita-lansia/ diapload 6 februari 2011. Diunduh Selasa 29 November 2016

Somantri Irman. (2009). Asuhan Keperawatan pada Klien dengan Gangguan Sistem Pernapasan. Edisi 2. Salemba Medika. Jakarta.

Tomey, Ann Marriner., Alligood, Martha Raile. (2010). Nursing Theorists and Their Work. Seventh Edition. Husby Elserver.USA.

Widoyono. (2008). Penyakit Tropis : Epidemiologi, Penularan, Pencegahan & Pemberantasannya. Erlangga. Jakarta.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.35842/jkry.v7i1.457

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 0 View
PDF - 0 View

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.